If you use server rendering, keep in mind that neither useLayoutEffect nor useEffect can run until the JavaScript is downloaded.

You might see a warning if you try to useLayoutEffect on the server. Here's two common ways to fix it.

Option 1: Convert to useEffect

If this effect isn't important for first render (i.e. if the UI still looks valid before it runs), then useEffect instead.

function MyComponent() {
  useEffect(() => {
    // ...

Like useLayoutEffect, it won't run on the server, but it also won't warn.

Option 2: Lazily show component with useLayoutEffect

If UI looks broken with useEffect but gets fixed by useLayoutEffect, it means that this component doesn't look right until the effect runs. However, that means the server-rendered HTML version of it won't look right until JavaScript loads anyway. So server-rendering it brings no benefit and shows a confusing UI.

To fix this, you can delay showing that component until after the client side JS loads and hydrates the component. To exclude a Child that needs layout effects from the server-rendered HTML, you can render it conditionally:

function Parent() {
  const [showChild, setShowChild] = useState(false);
  // Wait until after client-side hydration to show
  useEffect(() => {
  }, []);
  if (!showChild) {
    // You can show some kind of placeholder UI here
    return null;

  return <Child {...props} />;

function Child(props) {
  useLayoutEffect(() => {
    // This is where your layout effect logic can be

For example, this is handy for jQuery plugins which can be initialized later.

If you have some use case that isn't covered, please report a complete minimal code example here and we'll try to help.